public abstract class Spring extends Object
Spring
class holds three properties that
characterize its behavior: the minimum, preferred, and
maximum values. Each of these properties may be involved in
defining its fourth, value, property based on a series of rules.
An instance of the Spring
class can be visualized as a
mechanical spring that provides a corrective force as the spring is compressed
or stretched away from its preferred value. This force is modelled
as linear function of the distance from the preferred value, but with
two different constants  one for the compressional force and one for the
tensional one. Those constants are specified by the minimum and maximum
values of the spring such that a spring at its minimum value produces an
equal and opposite force to that which is created when it is at its
maximum value. The difference between the preferred and
minimum values, therefore, represents the ease with which the
spring can be compressed and the difference between its maximum
and preferred values, indicates the ease with which the
Spring
can be extended.
See the sum(javax.swing.Spring, javax.swing.Spring)
method for details.
By defining simple arithmetic operations on Spring
s,
the behavior of a collection of Spring
s
can be reduced to that of an ordinary (noncompound) Spring
. We define
the "+", "", max, and min operators on
Spring
s so that, in each case, the result is a Spring
whose characteristics bear a useful mathematical relationship to its constituent
springs.
A Spring
can be treated as a pair of intervals
with a single common point: the preferred value.
The following rules define some of the
arithmetic operators that can be applied to intervals
([a, b]
refers to the interval
from a
to b
,
where a <= b
).
[a1, b1] + [a2, b2] = [a1 + a2, b1 + b2] [a, b] = [b, a] max([a1, b1], [a2, b2]) = [max(a1, a2), max(b1, b2)]
If we denote Spring
s as [a, b, c]
,
where a <= b <= c
, we can define the same
arithmetic operators on Spring
s:
[a1, b1, c1] + [a2, b2, c2] = [a1 + a2, b1 + b2, c1 + c2] [a, b, c] = [c, b, a] max([a1, b1, c1], [a2, b2, c2]) = [max(a1, a2), max(b1, b2), max(c1, c2)]
With both intervals and Spring
s we can define "" and min
in terms of negation:
X  Y = X + (Y) min(X, Y) = max(X, Y)
For the static methods in this class that embody the arithmetic
operators, we do not actually perform the operation in question as
that would snapshot the values of the properties of the method's arguments
at the time the static method is called. Instead, the static methods
create a new Spring
instance containing references to
the method's arguments so that the characteristics of the new spring track the
potentially changing characteristics of the springs from which it
was made. This is a little like the idea of a lazy value
in a functional language.
If you are implementing a SpringLayout
you
can find further information and examples in
How to Use SpringLayout,
a section in The Java Tutorial.
Warning:
Serialized objects of this class will not be compatible with
future Swing releases. The current serialization support is
appropriate for short term storage or RMI between applications running
the same version of Swing. As of 1.4, support for long term storage
of all JavaBeans™
has been added to the java.beans
package.
Please see XMLEncoder
.
SpringLayout
,
SpringLayout.Constraints
Modifier and Type  Field and Description 

static int 
UNSET
An integer value signifying that a property value has not yet been calculated.

Modifier  Constructor and Description 

protected 
Spring()
Used by factory methods to create a
Spring . 
Modifier and Type  Method and Description 

static Spring 
constant(int pref)
Returns a strut  a spring whose minimum, preferred, and
maximum values each have the value
pref . 
static Spring 
constant(int min,
int pref,
int max)
Returns a spring whose minimum, preferred, and
maximum values have the values:
min , pref ,
and max respectively. 
abstract int 
getMaximumValue()
Returns the maximum value of this
Spring . 
abstract int 
getMinimumValue()
Returns the minimum value of this
Spring . 
abstract int 
getPreferredValue()
Returns the preferred value of this
Spring . 
abstract int 
getValue()
Returns the current value of this
Spring . 
static Spring 
height(Component c)
Returns a spring whose minimum, preferred, maximum
and value properties are defined by the heights of the minimumSize,
preferredSize, maximumSize and size properties
of the supplied component.

static Spring 
max(Spring s1,
Spring s2)
Returns
max(s1, s2) : a spring whose value is always greater than (or equal to)
the values of both s1 and s2 . 
static Spring 
minus(Spring s)
Returns
s : a spring running in the opposite direction to s . 
static Spring 
scale(Spring s,
float factor)
Returns a spring whose minimum, preferred, maximum
and value properties are each multiples of the properties of the
argument spring,
s . 
abstract void 
setValue(int value)
Sets the current value of this
Spring to value . 
static Spring 
sum(Spring s1,
Spring s2)
Returns
s1+s2 : a spring representing s1 and s2
in series. 
static Spring 
width(Component c)
Returns a spring whose minimum, preferred, maximum
and value properties are defined by the widths of the minimumSize,
preferredSize, maximumSize and size properties
of the supplied component.

public static final int UNSET
public abstract int getMinimumValue()
Spring
.minimumValue
property of this Spring
public abstract int getPreferredValue()
Spring
.preferredValue
of this Spring
public abstract int getMaximumValue()
Spring
.maximumValue
property of this Spring
public abstract int getValue()
Spring
.value
property of this Spring
setValue(int)
public abstract void setValue(int value)
Spring
to value
.value
 the new setting of the value
propertygetValue()
public static Spring constant(int pref)
pref
.pref
 the minimum, preferred, and
maximum values of the new springpref
Spring
public static Spring constant(int min, int pref, int max)
min
, pref
,
and max
respectively.min
 the minimum value of the new springpref
 the preferred value of the new springmax
 the maximum value of the new springmin
, pref
,
and max
respectivelySpring
public static Spring minus(Spring s)
s
: a spring running in the opposite direction to s
.s
: a spring running in the opposite direction to s
Spring
public static Spring sum(Spring s1, Spring s2)
s1+s2
: a spring representing s1
and s2
in series. In a sum, s3
, of two springs, s1
and s2
,
the strains of s1
, s2
, and s3
are maintained
at the same level (to within the precision implied by their integer values).
The strain of a spring in compression is:
value  pref  pref  minand the strain of a spring in tension is:
value  pref  max  prefWhen
setValue
is called on the sum spring, s3
, the strain
in s3
is calculated using one of the formulas above. Once the strain of
the sum is known, the values of s1
and s2
are
then set so that they are have a strain equal to that of the sum. The formulas are
evaluated so as to take rounding errors into account and ensure that the sum of
the values of s1
and s2
is exactly equal to
the value of s3
.s1+s2
: a spring representing s1
and s2
in seriesSpring
public static Spring max(Spring s1, Spring s2)
max(s1, s2)
: a spring whose value is always greater than (or equal to)
the values of both s1
and s2
.max(s1, s2)
: a spring whose value is always greater than (or equal to)
the values of both s1
and s2
Spring
public static Spring scale(Spring s, float factor)
s
. Minimum and maximum properties are
swapped when factor
is negative (in accordance with the
rules of interval arithmetic).
When factor is, for example, 0.5f the result represents 'the midpoint' of its input  an operation that is useful for centering components in a container.
s
 the spring to scalefactor
 amount to scale by.s
multiplied by factor
NullPointerException
 if s
is nullpublic static Spring width(Component c)
c
 Component used for calculating sizeNullPointerException
 if c
is nullpublic static Spring height(Component c)
c
 Component used for calculating sizeNullPointerException
 if c
is null